Tips for making your home garden in an efficient way

After having a rough idea about your garden's agricultural potential and the existing situation in the garden, you can start doing gardening.

Home gardening tips

Maintaining a beautiful, clean, and efficient home garden is not a hard job if you follow these tips.

  1. Make a simple map and get the idea about the agricultural potential of your garden.
  2. Make your soil good.

    Good soil is the most important factor when growing plants. Soil is the foundation of Agriculture. Before starting gardening, conduct a soil test is a good practice. You can retest your soil every three years. After a soil test, you can get an idea about the soil characteristics of your soil. Soil characteristics affect the fertility of the soil. So it is important to keep those pH, nutrient level, organic matter content, salt level, soil characteristics in a proper way.

  3. Keep simple gardening tools.

    Keep simple handy tools for gardening purposes. Keep them in a waterproof container in the garden. Then you don’t have to run here and there finding a scope or a knife when you need them.

  4. Use pots and containers as much as possible.

    Use multi-height pots and containers for planting vegetable crops. Then you can adjust them in a way to get sunlight and avoid heavy sunlight too. By then, you can get the maximum use of space too. Pots are better of perennials as well as seasonal vegetables too.

  5. Use less amount of chemical fertilizer and more use of organic fertilizer(Compost).

    Using chemical fertilizer is not a good habit while doing gardening. It may give you a good harvest. But it will spoil your soil. Then within years you automatically lose the value of your soil. Instead of chemical fertilizer, try to use homemade compost. Construct a compost bin or a pit for getting those compost. Nourish your garden soil and containers with time-release nourishments that stay feeding for extended periods as there is a recommendation to do so. But don’t forget to mix organic manure with them too. It is important to feed the soil, not plants.

  6. Use wide beds and nurseries.

    Use nurseries for vegetable crops.

  7. Increase the diversity (Vegetables/Fruits/flowers/Livestock/yams).

    Select multiple crops. It may increase the biodiversity of your garden.

  8. Use pruning.

    Take care of pruning. Especially for fruit crops.

  9. Use fresh mulch.

    Add fresh mulch (decaying leaves, bark, or compost spread around or over a plant to enrich or insulate the soil) to your gardens every year. Mulch helps your garden in many ways. It avoids weeds from spouting, soil erosion as well as it saves soil water too.

  10. Reduce garden cost.

    Do not hire expensive things for garden works. Just make them simple and easy.

Written by: Isuri Gunarathne View Isuri Gunarathna's profile on LinkedIn